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元代藏传佛教金佛!

 2019-10-17 17:03   浏览次数:147

此件金佛,内含舍利子,已开光,足金打造。器型精美,线条柔和流畅,慈祥庄严,高仅寸余,却纳无边佛法,深藏着庄重。

This golden Buddha, which contains the relic, is made of pure gold. The shape is exquisite, the line is soft and smooth, kind and solemn, the height is only more than one inch, but contains boundless Buddha dharma, deep and solemn.

 

 

 

元代时,藏传佛教被奉为国教,并设立了“梵像提举司”这样一个专门制造佛像的专业机构,还有与制作铜佛有关的部门—一出蜡局提举司。尼泊尔、西藏的造型技艺传播到内地,铜佛造像由此产生了“汉造”、“藏造”两大特色。元代藏传金铜佛造像又叫蒙古式金铜佛造像。蒙古式金铜佛造像主要是尼泊尔藏传佛教造像风格。元代藏传佛像虽然承袭了尼泊尔风格,但其面目已趋藏化,同时融入了汉地的审美因素和表现技法。菩萨像均袒上身,下着裙,璎珞颗粒较大。佛像面庞饱满,肩宽胸阔,肢体突显,衣纹简洁。

In the yuan dynasty, Tibetan Buddhism was regarded as the state religion, and a specialized institution for the production of buddhas was established, namely the department for the production of bronze buddhas, the department for the production of wax. The modeling techniques of Nepal and Tibet were spread to the mainland, and the bronze Buddha statues were featured by "han dynasty" and "Tibet dynasty". The gold bronze Buddha statue in the yuan dynasty is also called Mongolian gold bronze Buddha statue. Mongolian gold and bronze Buddha statues are mainly in the style of Tibetan Buddhism statues in Nepal. Although the Tibetan buddhas in yuan dynasty inherited the nepalese style, their appearance had become Tibetan and integrated the aesthetic factors and performance techniques of the han dynasty. Bodhisattva statues are topless, under the skirt, gem particles larger. Buddha face full, shoulder width chest width, body highlighting, simple clothing lines.

 

 

 

元朝灭亡之后,蒙古式金铜佛造像灭迹。在明代晚期复兴,形成漠南、漠北两种风格的金铜佛造像。明代,汉式传统造像虽然在承袭前代风格的基础上继续发展,但呈衰落趋势。明代宫廷专设有造像机构佛作”,专门制作藏式佛像。随着藏传佛教在内地的传播,由于年代和制作地区域文化的差异、教派不同和艺术传承不同,又形成永宣式金铜佛造像、藏西风格、藏中风格、藏南风格、藏东风格等式样。

After the fall of the yuan dynasty, the Mongolian gold and bronze Buddha statues disappeared. In the late Ming dynasty Renaissance, formed the desert south, mobei two styles of gold bronze Buddha statues. In Ming dynasty, although the traditional han-style statues continued to develop on the basis of inheriting the style of the previous dynasties, they were in decline. In Ming dynasty, the court set up a buddhist statue agency to make the Tibetan Buddha. With the spread of Tibetan Buddhism in the mainland, due to the differences in age and regional culture, sects and artistic inheritance, the yongxuan style of gold and bronze Buddha statues, western Tibetan style, central Tibetan style, southern Tibetan style and eastern Tibetan style have been formed.

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