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2019年新加坡拍卖精品大明盛世图推荐(1)

 2019-07-16 13:20   浏览次数:198

成都博古轩拍卖有限公司【藏.荐】栏 为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

Chengdu Boguxuan Auction Co., Ltd. [Tibet. Recommendation] column recommends art treasures selected by experts at the first level of national appraisal to buyers for the powerful dissemination effect of the collection. It helps collectors to bridge the gap, so that the value of thousands of art treasures can be excavated and valued, and high prices can be concluded at the auction.

【名称】大明盛世图(袁江著,翁同龢提拔)

【规格】长:4.1m: :30cm                               

(Name) A picture of the flourishing age of the Daming Dynasty (written by Yuan Jiang and promoted by Weng Tonghe)

[Specification] Length: 4.1m: Width: 30cm

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《大明盛世》图有关的人事:
  1.戴纶,高密人。永乐中,自昌邑训导擢礼科给事中,与编修林长懋俱侍皇太孙说书。历中允、谕德。仁宗即位,太孙为太子,迁洗马,仍侍讲读。始成祖命太孙习武事,太孙亦雅好之,时出骑射。纶与长懋以太孙春秋方富,不宜荒学问而事游畋,时时进谏。宣宗即位,加恩宫僚,擢纶兵部侍郎。顷之,复以谏猎忤旨,命参赞交阯军务。帝临鞫之,纶抗辩,触帝怒,立箠死,籍其家。《明史》。宣宗即位,兵部侍郎戴纶。宣宗杀纶。《明史》
  2.宣宗讳瞻基,仁宗长子也。仁宗即位,立为皇太子。二年,十一月己亥,以皇长子生大赦天下。三年,二月戊午,立皇长子祁镇为皇太子。三月癸未,废皇后胡氏,立贵妃孙氏为皇后。十年春崩于乾清宫,年三十有八。庙号宣宗,葬景陵。 《明史》
  3.明英宗,朱祁镇,宣宗长子也。母贵妃孙氏。生四月,立为皇太子,遂册贵妃为皇后。宣德十年春正月,宣宗崩,壬午,即皇帝位。 《明史》
  4.明代宗,恭仁康定景皇帝,讳祁钰,宣宗次子也。正统十四年秋八月,英宗北狩(被元朝遗脉瓦刺扣押)。九月癸未,王即皇帝位。以明年为景泰元年。 《明史》
  5.景泰八年春,帝舆疾。迎上皇复位。(此为英宗复辟改号天顺) 英宗天顺八年春正月崩,年三十有八。庙号英宗,葬裕陵。 《明史》
  6.戴缙,见明史宪宗19年 ,距《大明盛世》成画已经40年。 “谪汪直为奉御,其党王越、戴缙等贬黜有差。”
  7.袁江,字文涛,(约1671-1743)江都人,活动于清初康乾之间。画史对其不详。本作者认为,上述时间,是署名袁江的画作,出现在清朝的时间。从署名袁江传世作品《梁园飞雪图》《双潮图》《赏月图》来看,画风与戴进一致,均师承李唐马远夏珪郭熙。
  8.翁同龢,(1830-1904)江苏常熟人。清三朝元老。光绪八年时,任工部尚书充军机大臣。
  9.江苏抚台柳宏识,《清史》中无此人。《明史》系乾隆四年编。明朝有巡抚都御史,但没记江苏巡抚。有待机会查江苏地方志。

《大明盛世》图,系戴进真品的理由:
  1.从画面表现的历史真实情况的分析。明宣宗宣德八年,皇帝一家四口,其銮仪服饰年龄相貌,刚逃离京师的皇宫画师戴进最熟悉。明朝宣宗时,南京秦淮河风物人情,朝野百态。长期在此学画作画卖画的戴进最熟悉。这两项条件,就不是同时代其他画师和近三百年后,清朝康乾时期的“袁江”,所能具备的。
  2.戴进成《大明盛世》图前,处境非常狼狈。署名袁江,“袁”字中心口写的非常小,以成点。作为朝廷逃犯,戴进时刻提醒自己“小心”。江苏柳抚台,书写戴进父亲景祥,“祥”字只写上半边,二品柳巡抚,避朝廷钦犯字讳。明宣宗杀戴纶,戴景祥不祥。戴进出逃,巧遇宣宗一家巡幸南京,构思成画。戴进一直等到英宗十六岁能亲政时,才公布《大明盛世》图,宣扬英宗英明。十四年后,明代宗景泰八年,英宗以瓦刺人质身份回来,再次当皇帝,从中看《大明盛世》图的社会舆论影响,不可小觑。朱祁镇二十万大军兵败元裔瓦刺,与《大明盛世》所颂扬英宗盛世、英明伟大,而以致于英宗飘飘然,也是《大明盛世》图的反面教训。
  3.作《大明盛世》图时,戴进还是逃犯。戴进假用袁江名字。在该图中,戴进以拆字法,把自己的字“文进”镶入画中醒目之处。
  画卷中央,《天下文枢》牌坊附近是该画中心视点。夫子庙大成殿前,明宣宗一家,华盖下宣宗和孙皇后,七岁的皇太子朱祁镇,踌躇满志站在前面,成众人瞩目焦点,十分醒目。离皇帝一家,最近的秦淮河中一条小船,船舱帐幔中作躲藏状的,就是本画作者戴进。这是戴进四十五岁时的自画像,不知大师还有其他本人肖像传世否。离小船很近的岸边,几个如狼似虎的东厂锦衣卫在注视着小船。在小船船头斜倚作走之状,是画作者侧面,眼睛盯着岸上一位算命先生手中的招幌,上面写“观文测字”。仔细一看,“字见文进”,藏在其中。只是“进”字没有走之旁,字上有两点,表示与小船头上走之形人,合成“进”字。戴进,字文进。戴进,不愧为高智商的中国画一代宗师。这样做,应合南宋至明朝前期,画家作画不正式署名的惯例。
  关于江苏抚台柳宏识,很可能是清朝后期人物,其题词提及的故宫博物馆,明清紫禁城同在一处,清朝说故宫是指明故宫,应该是南京明故宫。现在的南京博物院的前身,很可能就是民国前的故宫博物馆。

该藏品由陈金奎老师亲自上手鉴定评价很高,难道一见,可遇不可求,值得收藏。

 

Personnel related to Daming Flourishing Age:

1. Dairon, a high-density man. Yongle Zhong, from Changyi's instructions to the Ritual Section, talked with the compiler Lin Changmao, who served the emperor and his grandson. In the calendar, Yongde and Jiaode. Renzong ascended the throne, Taisun was the prince, and he moved to wash the horses, still attending the lecture. When the ancestors ordered the Taisun to practise martial arts, the Taisun was also elegant, riding and shooting from time to time. It is not advisable to travel for lack of knowledge and to make comments from time to time. Xuanzong ascended the throne, a palace bureaucrat in Garn, and a waiter in the Yanlun Army Department. On the other hand, he instructed the counselors to hand in military affairs. Emperor Linzhi, Lun defended, provoked the emperor's anger, and died from his family. History of the Ming Dynasty. Xuanzong took the throne, and Dai Lun, a waiter of the Ministry of Army, was appointed. Xuanzong kills Lun. History of the Ming Dynasty

2. Xuanzong taboos Zhanji and Renzong's eldest son. Renzong ascended the throne and became the Crown Prince. Two years later, in November, he granted amnesty to the emperor's eldest son. Three years later, on the afternoon of February 5th, Qizhen, the eldest son of the emperor, was established as the prince of the emperor. At the end of March, Hu's family was abandoned and Sun's family was made queen. It collapsed in the Qianqing Palace in the spring of ten years. It was eight years old on the thirtieth. Xuanzong, the name of the temple, is buried in Jingling Tomb. History of the Ming Dynasty

3. Ming Yingzong, Zhu Qizhen and Xuanzong's eldest son. The grandmother Sun's family. In April of his birth, he was crown prince and royal concubine was queen. In the first month of the Spring of Xuande Decade, Xuanzong collapsed and Renwu became the emperor. History of the Ming Dynasty

4. Emperor Zong of Ming Dynasty, Emperor Gong Renkang Dingjing, tabooed Qi Yu and Xuanzong's second son. In the autumn and August of the fourteenth year of the orthodoxy, the British Emperor Beishu was detained by the vessel of the Yuan Dynasty. In September, the king is the emperor. Next year is the first year of Jingtai. History of the Ming Dynasty

5. In the spring of the eighth year of Jingtai, Emperor Yu Ji. Welcome the emperor to reset. (This is the name of the restoration of the British Emperor Tianshun) The first month of the spring of the eighth year of the restoration of the British Emperor Tianshun collapsed in eighty-eight. Ying Zong, the name of the temple, was buried in Yuling. History of the Ming Dynasty

6. Dai Jin, who saw Shi Xianzong in the Ming Dynasty for 19 years, is 40 years away from the painting of Da Ming Sheng Shi. "Jianwang has always been an imperial minister, and his party kings, Yue Yue and Dai Jin, have been demoted as poor officials."

7. Yuan Jiang, Ziwentao (about 1671-1743), a native of Jiangdu, lived between Kangxi and Qianlong in the early Qing Dynasty. The history of painting is not clear about it. The author believes that the above time was the time when Yuan Jiang's paintings appeared in the Qing Dynasty. From Yuan Jiang's handed down works "Liang Yuan Fei Xue Tu", "Shuangchao Tu" and "Moon Appreciation Tu", we can see that the style of painting is the same as Dai Jin's, all of which are inherited from Li Tang, Ma Yuan, Xia and Guoxi.

8. Weng Tonghe, (1830-1904) Changshu, Jiangsu Province. The elders of the Qing Dynasty. In the eighth year of Guangxu, he served as Minister of Military Aircraft in Shangshu, Ministry of Work.

9. Liu Hongxue, Futai, Jiangsu Province. There is no such person in History of the Qing Dynasty. The History of Ming Dynasty was compiled in the fourth year of Qianlong. Ming Dynasty had a history of governors, but did not record Jiangsu governors. Looking forward to the opportunity to consult Jiangsu local chronicles.

The picture of Daming Flourishing Age is the reason for wearing genuine products.

1. Analysis of the historical facts of the pictures. In the eighth year of Xuande in Xuanzong of Ming Dynasty, the emperor's family consisted of four people. The age and appearance of his funeral dresses were the most familiar to Dai Jin, a palace painter who had just escaped from Beijing Normal University. During Xuanzong period of Ming Dynasty, the scenery and human feelings of Qinhuai River in Nanjing were various. Dai Jin, who has been studying painting and selling painting for a long time, is most familiar with it. These two conditions are not available to other painters of the same era and "Yuan Jiang" in the Kang and Qian dynasties of the Qing Dynasty nearly 300 years later.

2. Before Dai Jincheng's "The Great Ming Dynasty", he was in a very awkward situation. Signed Yuan Jiang, the center of the word "Yuan" is very small, so as to make a point. As a fugitive of the court, Dai Jin always reminds himself to be "careful". Liufutai, Jiangsu Province, writes Dai Jinxiang, his father. The word "xiang" is only written in the upper half. Governor Erpinliu avoids the word taboo of the imperial court. Ming Xuanzong killed Dai Lun, and Dai Jingxiang was ominous. Dai Jin fled in and out, and happened to encounter Xuanzong's family visiting Nanjing and conceived the painting. Dai Jin waited until Yingzong was sixteen years old to be in charge of the government before publishing the map of Daming Flourishing Age to publicize Yingzong's wisdom. Fourteen years later, in eight years of Zong Jingtai in the Ming Dynasty, Ying Zong returned as the hostage of tile stabbing and became emperor again. We can not underestimate the influence of public opinion on the map of Daming Flourishing Age. Zhu Qizhen's 200,000 soldiers defeated the Yuan-descendant tile thorns, and the "Great Ming Flourishing Age" praised the Yingzong flourishing age, wisdom and greatness, so that the Yingzong floated, which is also the negative lesson of the "Great Ming Flourishing Age" map.

3. Dai Jin was still a fugitive when making the picture of Daming Flourishing Age. Dai Jin used the name of Yuan Jiang. In this picture, wear in to split the word, his word "Wenjin" into the striking part of the painting.

The central point of view of the painting is near the archway of Tianwenshu. In front of the Dacheng Hall of the Confucius Temple, the Ming Xuanzong family, Huagai Xuanzong and Sun Queen, seven-year-old Prince Zhu Qizhen, stood hesitantly in front and became the focus of attention. From the Emperor's family, the nearest boat in the Qinhuai River, hidden in the cabin curtain, is the painter Dai Jin. This is a self-portrait of Dai Jin when he was 45 years old. I wonder if the Master has other portraits of himself. Near the shore of the boat, several wolf-like Jinyiwei of Dongchang are watching the boat. The bow of the boat reclining as a walk is the painter's side, staring at a fortune-teller's sign on the shore, which reads "Reading and measuring characters". Look carefully and hide in it. But the word "Jin" did not go aside. There are two points on the word, which means that the shape person walking on the bow of the boat synthesizes the word "Jin". Dai Jin, Wen Jin. Dai Jin deserves to be a master of Chinese painting with high IQ. In doing so, it should be in line with the practice of informal signature of painters from the Southern Song Dynasty to the early Ming Dynasty.

Liu Hongxue of Futai, Jiangsu Province, is probably a late Qing Dynasty figure. His inscription refers to the Palace Museum, Ming Dynasty.

The collection was appraised and appraised by Mr. Chen Jinkui personally. Is it worth collecting because it is not available at first sight?

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